The answer depends on the sprocket. For sprockets with 30 or more teeth, the answer is no. For sprockets with less than 30 teeth, a sprocket designed for double-pitch chain is necessary.
We do recommend that a sprocket with an odd number of teeth be used. That way, the extended pitch chain will skip every other sprocket tooth, engaging every other cycle. This is an easy way to reduce wear by reducing the frequency of contact between the chain and the sprocket.